The Human Body – We Can’t Live Without It!
The human body: when you think about it, it’s a pretty amazing thing. It can be easy to take our bodies for granted, especially when there are so many cool things in life to think about and explore. At first glance, our bodies seem pretty simple – a head connected to a torso with two arms and two legs. But if you take a closer look, the human body is an incredibly complex machine – built of many interconnected systems all working together to allow our bodies to function as well as they do!
A body system is a set of structures and organs which work together to accomplish specific tasks throughout our daily lives. So, what are the main systems in the human body and how do they work?
First, we have the digestive system, where your food gets turned into energy and nutrients. Your body needs energy to do everything – from walking to school, to reading a book, to dancing to your favourite song. All of your organs need energy and nutrients to function, and without them, they would shut down. This is a great example of how all of your systems are intertwined – your digestive system provides energy and nutrients for the rest of your systems to do their jobs.
Next, we have the respiratory system where your lungs absorb oxygen from the air and exhale carbon dioxide. The respiratory system works closely with the cardiovascular system – this is where your heart pumps oxygen-rich blood around your body and returns carbon dioxide-rich blood back to your lungs. The blood vessels of the cardiovascular system also help deliver all the energy and nutrients your digestive system has extracted from your food to the rest of your body. These nutrients and energy get absorbed into your bloodstream which transport them to all of your organs and muscles.
Speaking of muscles, another system important for daily life is the musculoskeletal system. The muscles and skeleton which make up this system allow you to move. Your muscles contract and lengthen in order to move your bones, which allows you to move your limbs. But how do your muscles know what to do in order to let you move in certain ways? When your brain makes the decision to move, it sends a signal to your spinal cord. This signal is passed on to nerves which connect and branch out to various regions around your body. This allows the message from your brain to eventually reach your muscles, telling them either to contract or lengthen. We call this network the nervous system!
Finally, there are a few other systems which aren’t as well-known but are equally important. There is the immune system which protects your body from infection, and the reproductive system which allows you to have children. There is also the endocrine system which produces various hormones to create and maintain an internal balance so all your other systems can work properly.
As you can see, the human body depends on a lot of different things to live happily. If just one part of one system isn’t working properly, it can cause problems in a lot of other parts of your body. But as long as you eat nutritious foods, exercise and avoid getting sick, you can usually keep your body happy and healthy.